Prime Minister Dr Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia has won this year’s Nobel Peace Prize.
The Prime Minister was awarded the prize for his efforts to “achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea,” said the Norwegian Nobel Committee in a statement.
The prize is also meant to recognize all the stakeholders working for peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia and in the East and Northeast African regions, it said.
When Dr Abiy Ahmed became Prime Minister in April 2018, he made it clear that he wished to resume peace talks with Eritrea.
In close cooperation with Isaias Afwerki, the President of Eritrea, Dr Abiy Ahmed quickly worked out the principles of a peace agreement to end the long “no peace, no war” stalemate between the two countries.
These principles are set out in the declarations that Prime Minister Dr Abiy and President Isaias signed in Asmara and Jeddah last July and September.
An important premise for the breakthrough was Dr Abiy Ahmed’s unconditional willingness to accept the arbitration ruling of an international boundary commission in 2002.
Peace does not arise from the actions of one party alone. When Prime Minister Dr Abiy reached out his hand, President Isaias grasped it, and helped to formalise the peace process between the two countries.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee hopes the peace agreement will help to bring about positive change for the entire populations of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
In Ethiopia, even if much work remains, Dr Abiy Ahmed has initiated important reforms that give many citizens hope for a better life and a brighter future.